The organogram also alternately known as an organisational chart is a diagram or a pictorial representation of the structure of an organisation. The flow of information all through the organisation can be determined using an organogram. The relation among different designated employees can also be represented through an organogram.

If we look deep into the matter, an organogram establishes relationship between different departments of an organisation and its staff members. The relationship can be between a manager, its sub ordinate and its super ordinate. It can also be a relationship among several managers. In case an organisation’s hierarchy becomes too large or too complicated, then it can be split up in to smaller organisational charts in order to simplify the structure. The split up can be of the different departments working in an organisation. The different organisational organogram includes the following three major types:

  • Hierarchal organisational chart – A hierarchal organisational structure is that setup of an organisation employee’s designation where each entity or a staff member is either a sub ordinate or a super ordinate of the other staff member. Usually in such a structure power is with the top most member of the hierarchy who is mostly the Managing Director or Chief Executive of the company. The communication among the members of the organisation is almost always with either their sub ordinate or their super ordinate. The organogram representation of such a structure gives a simplified overview of the setup.
  • Matrix organisational chart – Matrix organisational chart is a combination of a functional structure and the divisional structure. As this approach is mostly for large scale organisations, so the organogram chart of such structures are usually very complex. Even the flow of information through the organisation becomes difficult to depict.
  • Flat organisational chart – The flat organisational structure is the easiest structure to map on an organogram. The ease is due to the reason that the setup of organisation’s employees are all at one level. It is easy to depict by looking at an organogram that who is who and what is what. Further the flow of information is also very simple and easy to understand through an organogram.

The design of an organogram requires to start from a certain point. It depends on your chosen organisational structure setup. You can start from a top position using top to bottom approach or vice versa. For flat organisational structure, you can start from any extreme, either a left or a right corner.

Microsoft PowerPoint 2013 provides the built in organogram templates which you can easily use to implement your organisational structure. The organogram templates are available supporting different types of organisational structures. Further, you can also customise a specific organogram template according to your needs and requirements. Factually, the organogram is the best solution in designing the hierarchy of any organisation. Structuring of an organisation in today’s corporate world is pivotal in order to understand the information flow, decision making process and the job role of an organisation.